PALA ART

Types :

  • Architecture
  • Sculpture
  • Terracotta
  • Paintings
  • Wall Paintings

Architecture

  • Mahaviharas (Monastery)
  • Stupas (Place of meditation)
  • Chaityas (Prayer Hall)
  • Temples
  • Forts

Credit of construction of viharas at

  • Odantpuri
  • Nalanda
  • Vikramshila
  • Somapur

goes to Pala rulers Dharmapala and Devpala.

Other Examples of Pala Art :

  • Temple at Kahalgaon
  • Ardhamandapa of Vishnupad Temple at Gaya
  • Surajgarha
  • Indipai
  • Jaimangalgarh


Sculpture

Made by Stones and Bronze

Father of art of Bronze-sculpture :  Dheeman and his son Beethpal (Resident of Nalanda and worked under Dharmapala and Devpala )

Bronze sculpture were casted in dies.

Found in Nalana and Kukrihar(Gaya)

Some Sculptures :

  • Lord Buddha
  • Vishnu
  • Balram
  • Surya
  • Ganesha

Sculpture are made of Black Besalt Stones obtained from Santhal Pargana and Munger.

Gods and Goddesses have been created with frontal parts of body with ornaments.

Terracotta

Developed for the purpose of Decoration

Statues are made on walls depicting scenes of religious and general life.

Example :

A drawing on a wooden plate in which a lady is seen sitting in posture with a mirror in her hands and she is beholding herself in the mirror.

Effort : To attract the attention of lookers by concentrating on her physical beauty.

What has been done for this :

The beauty and simplicity of face, extended breasts and slim waist have been highlighted.

Paintings

Types :

  • On manuscripts (book written by hand)
  • On Walls

Manuscripts are present at Cambridge University.

Colours used :

Primary :

  • Red
  • Blue
  • Black
  • White

Secondary :

  • Green
  • Purple
  • Light Pink
  • Grey

Wall Paintings

Found in Saradh (Nalanda)

Inspired by Ajanta Art.

Geometrical shapes of flowers, Peoples and animals (Elephants, Horses, Dancers).

Pala art are preserved in :

  • Nepal
  • Asiatic Society (Kolkata)
  • Kala Bhawan
  • Kashi
  • Boston Museum (America)

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